What is a systematic review?
Cochrane Reviews says that a systematic review "attempts to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a specific research question. Researchers conducting systematic reviews use explicit, systematic methods that are selected with a view aimed at minimizing bias, to produce more reliable findings to inform decision-making."
What can librarians do to support systematic reviews?
Advise research team on systematic review process
Search for existing reviews on the same topic
Select appropriate literature databases
Design and execute search strategies
Document search process
Manage search results and collect citations
Write methods section of resulting manuscript
Why include a librarian on a systematic review team?
Studies have shown that teams that include a librarian write more comprehensive and reproducible reviews than teams without a librarian. This research demonstrates that studies that included a librarian searched more widely and comprehensively and that reporting of the search strategy and other details of the search process are improved.
The participation of a librarian on a research team is recommended or required by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Cochrane, and Campbell Collaboration.