Academic Integrity & Plagiarism

Learn how to act ethically and morally as a member of the scholarly community.

Academic  Integrity  encompasses  the  morals  and  ethics  of  the  academic  community. As  a  student  at  the  University  of  Kansas, you're  a  member  of  the  academic  community  and  are expected  to  act  with  integrity  in  all  of  your  academic  work. When  you  do  not  act  with  academic  integrity, you're  engaging  in  academic  misconduct. Academic  misconduct  at  the  University  of  Kansas  is described  in  the  University  Senate  rules  and  regulations, section  62.6  0.1  as  follows. Academic  misconduct  by  students  shall  include, but  not  be  limited  to  disruption  of  classes, threatening  an  instructor  or  fellow  students  in  an  academic  setting, giving  or  receiving  of  unauthorized  aid  on  examinations  or  in  the  preparation  of  notebooks, themes,  reports,  or  other  assignments. Knowingly  misrepresenting  the  source  of  any  academic  work, unauthorized  changing  of  grades, unauthorized  use  of  university  approvals, or  forging  of  signatures, false  vacation  of  research  results, plagiarizing  of  another's  work, violation  of  regulations  or  ethical  codes  for  the  treatment  of  humans  and animals  subjects  or  otherwise  acting  dishonestly  and  research. Plagiarism  is  the  most  common  form  of  academic  misconduct  for  a  variety  of  reasons. We  use  evidence,  often  in  the  form  of  information  sources  to support  our  own  thoughts  and  ideas  in  both  written  and  oral  communication. Sometimes  plagiarism  is  unintentional  and  occurs  because  of  carelessness  or  confusion. Plagiarism  is  the  act  of  taking  somebody else's  words  or  ideas  and  passing  them  off  as  your  own. Plagiarism  can  be  accidental, especially  when  it  comes  to  citing  your  sources. Let's  consider  an  example. Perhaps  while  researching  your  topic, you  wrote  down  some  notes  that  included  a  direct  quote  from  an  information  source. At  the  time,  you  forgot  to  add  quotation  marks  and  note  the  page  number  in  your  notes. When  you  returned  to  your  notes  and  preparing  your  final  draft, you  did  not  use  quotes  in  your  paper  either. This  would  be  an  example  of  plagiarism  that  wasn't  intentional, but  it  was  careless. Using  evidence  to  support  your  argument  enhances  your  credibility  as  a  scholar. Effective  use  of  evidence  and  your  work  helps  you  enter into  and  participate  in  a  scholarly  conversation. But  using  evidence  must  be  done  responsibly  and  ethically. This  is  accomplished  through  appropriate  attribution  of  information  sources. While  directly  quoting  an  information  source  is  fairly  straightforward. Paraphrasing  information  sources  can  be  more  challenging. Paraphrasing  is  when  you  present  the  ideas  of  others  in  your  own  words. However,  putting  somebody  else's  ideas  into  your  own  words  does  not  make  those  ideas  yours. When  paraphrasing  and  information  source, you  must  still  give  credit  to  the  original  author. This  is  accomplished  through  an  in-text  citation  or  referencing  the  author  directly. Some  students  hold  the  misconception  that  paraphrasing  is  accomplished  by simply  swapping  out  a  few  words  or  rearranging  the  sentence  structure. This  is  not  acceptable  paraphrasing  and  is  considered  plagiarism. A  good  way  to  practice  paraphrasing  is  to  read  the  passage  you  want  to  reference  and then  tell  somebody  else  what  it  said  in your  own  words  without  looking  at  the  original  source. If  you  have  concerns  about  whether  or  not  you've  paraphrased  in  an  acceptable  manner, you  should  consult  your  instructor  or  ask  for  assistance  at  the  KU  writing  center. One  form  of  plagiarism  that  often  causes  confusion  among  students  is  self-plagiarism. This  includes  reusing  papers  from  one  class  for  another  class. Now,  you  might  be  asking  yourself, why  would  that  be  considered  plagiarism? I  can't  plagiarize  myself. Self-plagiarism  is  a  murky  area  in  academic  integrity, but  it  is  in  fact  real. The  United  States  Department  of  Health  and  Human  Services, Office  of  Research  Integrity  states  that  self-plagiarism  occurs  when a  student  submits  a  whole  paper  or a  substantial  portion  of  a  paper  to  fulfill  a  course  requirement, even  though  that  paper  had  earlier  been  submitted  to  satisfy the  course  requirements  for  another  course  taught  by  another  professor. Usually,  you're  expected  to  produce  original  work  for  each  class  that  you  take. This  means  that  you  can  not  use  papers  that  you've  completed  for other  classes  to  complete  the  requirements  of  a  new  class. Occasionally,  there  are  exceptions  to  this  rule, but  those  exceptions  will  always  be  made  explicit  by  your  instructor  or  department. If  you  are  interested  in  continuing  to  explore a  topic  that  you've  researched  in  another  class, you  should  discuss  this  with  your  instructor  in  advance. Academic  integrity  is  a  foundational  value  within  a  community  of  scholars. You  as  a  new  student  or  a  part  of  the  community  of  scholars,  and  therefore, our  expected  to  maintain  academic  integrity  in  all  of  your  academic  pursuits. Resources  are  available  to  help  whenever  you  have  questions, the  best  place  to  start  is  with  your  instructor  or  ask  a  librarian  for  help